General Information On Posttraumatic Stress

1. 
Posttraumatic stress, characterized by terror and helplessness, first became recognized as a formal diagnosis/disorder by the American Psychiatric Association in:
2. 
The first therapists, like Kardiner, who studied PTSD in the first World War, found the strongest protection against terror and helplessness was:
3. 
The main symptoms of PTSD, which has been called an anxiety disorder, and a disorder of dissociation, are:
4. 
The symptom listed above that is the most difficult to treat AND best predicts distress in survivors’ relationships and is associated with major depression is:
5. 
Traumas that appear to lead to Complex PTSD with many debilitating symptoms are usually:
6. 
There is general agreement that recovery from trauma involves:
7. 
A more secure attachment will logically impact the effects of chronic fear and traumatic stress in the following ways: